The Final Layer

You're almost there. In this final step you will rearrange the pieces on the top layer to get them all in place.

This will be done in two stages. The first stage involves putting the corner pieces in the right place. The second stage involves putting the edge pieces in the right place. Then we are done.

The following algorithm will switch the front two corner pieces. You will probably need to apply this algorithm a few times to line up all the corners.

Inspect your cube:

- If all the corners are already lined up you are in luck, you can skip this stage entirely. (though you have to be quite lucky for this to happen)
- If two corners are already lined up you are in luck. All you need to do is rotate the top layer to place the other two at the front, then a single iteration of the algorithm to switch them.
- If none of the above then you'll have to apply the algorithm twice.

This is a large algorithm which can be difficult to remember. It can help if you brake it down into stages and try to think of it in descriptive terms as per the comments above.

Similar to the previous stage, this stage may need to be repeated several times to get everything to line up.

This algorithm will rotate the left edge, right edge and front edge of the top layer either clockwise or anti clockwise. Here is the algorithm rotating the pieces clockwise.

Remembering this algorithm becomes easier when you see it as a pattern of flipping back and forth between **U** and alternating **R** and **R'** moves.

For all other states just keep repeating the algorithm and rotating the top face until you create the layout above. Here are some tips to help you achieve that:

- If no corners have their top panel yellow then rotate the top layer until the top left panel on the left face is yellow.
- If one corner is yellow on the top face, keep repeating the algorithm until you have a full yellow face.
- If you have two yellow corners (in any orientation) then rotate the top layer until the top left panel on the front face is yellow and perform the algorithm.

Now you know how to solve the Rubik's cube. Congratulations. The next step is to keep practicing. It will probably take you a bit before you can solve all the layers without having to refer back to the algorithms. Keep trying to work through as much of the solution as you can without referring back to the algorithms and only do so when you get stuck.

Check out our Cheat Sheet for a quick reference with all the steps on one page.

Once you have this down, the next step, if you want to improve your speed is to combine the solving of the first and second layer into one step (steps 2 and 3 of this tutorial). This is an approach called **F2L** or First two Layers. With a bit of practice you can do this intuitively and it will drop your times by a considerable amount.

Have fun!